/ / Types of families and their characteristics in psychology

Types of families and their characteristics in psychology

Today we will be interested in the types of families and theircharacteristic. This issue plays an important role in the modern world. After all, families and their "varieties" are many. Correct definition of the society's cell will help to lead a correct policy of relations, as well as to build up the upbringing of children so that they receive maximum benefit and minimum harm. Often, the characteristics of the family can identify a potential threat to one or another character in relation to its members. So what are the cells of society? What is characterized? What features do they have?

By number of children

Types of families and their characteristics are diverse. The fact is that in psychology the division, as in any other field, can be conducted from different positions. For example, by the number of children.

types of families and their characteristics

There are childless families.Or, as they are now commonly called, "chayldfri". Usually they are couples who have no children: neither adopted children nor their own. You can say, just a man and a woman who married.

A one-child family is one in which only onechild. Quite a common option in Russia. In the psychological sense, such a decision can entail certain consequences. For example, the probability of educating an egoist is great.

Little-child is a family in which, as a rule, twochild. It also occurs very often. Psychology in such a cell of society plays an important role. We will have to observe the harmony of relationships, so as not to damage the fragile child's psyche with the birth of the second baby.

A large family is a unit of society that has 3children. Although it is now customary to call such families average children. This concept has almost outlived its worth, as more than 3 kids in Russia now have very few people. If we rely on the concept of the average child, the families with many children are "communities" with 4 or more toddlers.

Place of man

Types of families and their characteristics are extremely importantmoments that help adults and children. In particular, parents who still can not tear their own grown babies "from the skirt". The fact is that the family is a stretchable concept. Even in psychology different types of it are distinguished. For example, you can pay attention to the classification of the place of a person in a particular cell of society.

Types of families and their characteristics in psychology

There is a parent family - this is one in which a person is born. That is, she will be with a person until he grows up. And maybe even longer.

There is such a thing as reproductivea family. That's exactly what it is. This is a family that a person creates independently. It usually includes children and spouse (a). So, speaking about the role of the family in the life of a person, it is important to clarify what kind of speech it is. It is wrong if the parent becomes more important than the reproductive one. Although here each position is chosen for itself.

Types of families and their characteristics are not limited to this. There are a few more interesting classifications. Now they meet in psychology, although before they were not.


It's hard to believe, but at the moment families are classified as soon as they can. For example, there is already such a thing as the division of the place of residence of a particular cell of society.

What types of families can be in psychology(the characteristics of these will also be presented to our attention), if we talk about where this or that "community" lives? There are matrilocal families. These are reproductive "options" that live with the parents of the wife. In practice, such cells of society do not exist for a long time, they usually disintegrate in the first years of cohabitation. There are patrilocal families. Accordingly, these are the social cells that live with the husband's parents. Also very unstable, quickly disintegrate, they have many conflicts.

types of families in psychology

Non-local families are, as a rule,independent cells of society. They live in remote places. A typical reproductive family that does not depend on anyone. Ideal for the birth of children and their upbringing. If you do not become a non-local community in time, you can lose your own reproductive family altogether. This must be taken into account.


Types of families and their characteristics in psychology play an important role. In addition to the above options, you can consider the composition of the "communities". Here, too, has its own classification.

There are families full.In them, as a rule, there are both parents and at least one child. Otherwise, such a cell of the society is called incomplete. It does not have one of the parents or is considered childless.

Also usually separate families.They have parents and several children. It does not matter, relatives or adopted children. This is a very common type, which includes many features. One of them is the relationship of children. We will have to pay special attention to this moment.


Now we should pay attention to the fact that typesfamilies in the psychology of the family also have several main categories. Pretty complex. They need to be considered separately. After all, the characteristics of such cells in society are more than enough.

types of families in the psychology of the family

Most often there are nuclear families.These are such cells of society in which there is only one generation of people. And such a family is represented only by parents (or one of them), and also by children. And nothing more. It can be said that every complete family is nuclear.

Quite often such "communities" are called even simple.There are reasons for that. They will become clear if you find out other types of families. Characteristics of the modern family - a difficult thing. But not only nuclear variants are found. There are some "varieties" of cells of society.


The last common type ispatriarchal family. It is also called still difficult. Includes several generations. Usually grandparents, parents, young couples, grandchildren, brothers and sisters can live together. In general, all relatives.

types of families in psychology

Usually there are conflicts in all areas. And in relationships, and in the conduct of everyday life. And family members will have to work hard to keep it.

Types of families and their characteristics in psychology are important moments. They will allow you to prepare for certain problems, to protect yourself and your children.

By education

Strangely enough, but the types of families and their characteristicsmay depend on the upbringing of children. There are not so many models of behavior. Nevertheless, each of them has certain features. What options can occur?

Education "permissiveness."Comments are not required. In such families, children are allowed to do whatever they want. No prohibitions and restrictions. Parents, as a rule, closely monitor for their baby, but satisfy all of his needs.

Also there is a model called "neglect".In such families, parents are constantly busy, and the children are provided "to themselves." Due attention here the kids will not be. Most often these children fall under the "influence of the street."

As they say, from the extreme to the extreme.Types of families in the psychology of the family in relation to education distinguish at least two more models of behavior of parents. For example, the type of "Cinderella". Characterized by the rejection of the child, he feels a consumer attitude towards himself. We can say that children in such families are "outsiders", they are a burden for adults. Especially hard is the kids, who are not alone in the family. In such cases, there is a "pet", surrounded by love and attention. Extremely dangerous scenario. Psychological problems and complexes will be provided to the child!

types of families characteristic of a modern family

The last variant of education is "mittens. "One can say that there is obvious tyranny on the part of parents, the cult of adults, children in such families have no rights, they have only bans around them, they live" at the behest of the parent. "We can say that the main direction in education in this cell of society This is the deterrence of the baby.The next extreme, which leads to pessimism, hyperactivity, deprives people of the opportunity to enjoy life, builds up complexes and fears, including panic attacks.

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