/ / Psychic. Definition. Functions of the mind

Psyche. Definition. Functions of the mind


A psychic is a function of the brain thatconsists in the expression, through certain images of objective reality. On the basis of these images, regulation of the vital activity of the organism is carried out. Psychology, in turn, is engaged in the study of the property of the brain, which is concluded in the mental reflection of reality, the result of which is the formation of images. They are necessary for the regulation of the interaction of the organism and the environment surrounding it.

Forms of mental reflection in the form of imagesconstitute the content of the psyche. Images are formed in different people in different ways. In many respects, this or that manifestation depends on knowledge, experience, interests, needs and so on. Simply put, the psyche is a subjective reflection of the existing objective world. In this case, the subjective nature of the expression is incorrect. Objective reflection of reality is provided through the verification of personal and socio-historical practice.

The psyche is both in the animal and in man.In the latter, however, it is also denoted by the concept of "consciousness." In this case, the concept of "psyche" itself is broader than "consciousness", since it includes the sphere of superconsciousness and subconsciousness. In this connection, the structure of the subjective expression includes several components. So, as components make the processes, qualities, states and properties of the psyche.

The latter include stable manifestations,having a genetic nature. They are inherited and almost never change during life. The properties of the psyche include the characteristics of the nervous system: strength, the resistance of cells to prolonged excitation or irritation, the rate of transition from one state to another (from inhibition to excitation, for example), balance. The mobility of certain nervous processes, the relative degree of balance of the phenomenon of inhibition of excitation, lability (the flexibility of changes under the influence of different stimuli), resistance (the degree of resistance to the influence of irritants of an unfavorable nature) should also be referred to this category.

Mental processes arestable formations that arise and develop under the influence of external factors. This category includes such processes as perception, sensation, thinking, representation, imagination, will, emotions, attention.

To mental qualities include education,differing relative stability and arising under the influence of educational and educational measures and life activity. Most clearly these qualities are represented in the human character.

Among other things, there are also functions of the psyche. Specialists distinguish three main tasks.

  1. A person's awareness of his own position in the world around him.
  2. Reflecting the influence of environmental conditions.
  3. Regulation of activities and behavior.

It should be noted that for the second function of the psycheis characterized by a constant change. In other words, the expression of a person's relation to reality is a rather complex process, and not one-pointed and non-contradictory. In addition, for this function of the psyche, there is a certain refraction in the process of the individual expressing his attitude to reality. As a rule, a person passes information through the mind, at the same time, the previously developed conditions and features are involved. In this connection, the same external influence, thanks to this function of the psyche, can be expressed in different ways by different people, and in some cases in different ways and by one person, depending on the conditions in which it is at one time or another .

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