The most common symptom of coldsailments, allergies, viruses is a common cold. To eliminate it, a complex treatment consisting of performing physiotherapeutic procedures is necessary. Inhalations in the cold with a nebulizer significantly improve the person's well-being, relieving problems with nasal breathing. Procedures can be performed at home, if there is a special apparatus. The rules of their conduct are described in the article.
Inhalations with a nebulizer quickly curerunny nose in children and adults. The device has many advantages. In comparison with sprays and aerosols, the vapors are distributed evenly on the mucosa and after penetration into the lower respiratory tract. A normal spray has a narrow purpose, and inhalation is considered a complex measure.
Since the drug is dissolved in saline solution,the time of inhalation of the nasal mucosa is moistened, which eliminates the crusts from the vasoconstrictor drops. From these drops there is irritation of the mucous membrane, dryness and itching. These effects disappear after several inhalations.
With some ailments the mucus in the nose is thick,so it's difficult to blow your nose, especially to children. Moisturizing vapors make the mucus liquid and facilitate its elimination. This is important, as the accumulation of mucus leads to the spread of inflammation.
If inhalations are performed without strong medications,hormones, antibiotics, then no side effects and allergies appear. The device acts gently and safely. The procedures can be performed both with nasal ailments, and infections of the upper and lower respiratory tract.
Solutions for inhalation in the cold with a nebulizer are different. Procedures can be carried out in the following cases:
A nebulizer is a device thatIt is used for inhalation and creates ultra-small disperse particles of the drug in suspended matter with vapors of water and air. The smallest are such particles, the size of which is 2-5 microns, that is, they are noticeably smaller than the particles of ordinary vapor.
Because of the small size of the drug dropenter the respiratory system, including the alveoli of the lungs. The device was originally created to treat the ailments of the tracheobronchial tree. Inhalations in a cold with a nebulizer can be performed by using a special mask that adjusts the particle size of the developed vapor. This mask is usually not included with the nebulizer and must be purchased separately.
In some devices, you can adjust the sizeformed particles, and here it is necessary to set the regulator so that the particles are larger. In this case, most of the drug settles in the trachea and bronchi, but some part will be on the inflamed mucosa.
To date, there are 3 typesnebulizer - compressor, mesh-nebulizer and ultrasonic. The first species is more suitable for the treatment of a runny nose and cough. It is able to create a large dispersion, so the drug will settle in the upper respiratory tract.
Ultrasonic devices also help, becausethey create the smallest particles that almost all settle in the bronchi, so nothing will be in the nasal mucosa. Thus it is necessary to know, what inhalations at a cold a nebulizer are carried out. The types of funds used are described below.
Inhalations in the common cold are performed by a nebulizeralmost with all substances used in the treatment of colds, to wash the nose. The device is forbidden to pour herbal decoctions, milled tablets and oily liquids - they clog the capillaries in the nebulizer and disable it.
After entering the lungs, vasoconstrictorsdrugs lead to a violation of blood flow in the lung tissue, which improves the saturation of blood with oxygen, dyspnea occurs. In difficult cases, probably choking. Therefore, do not use vasoconstrictive drops.
Essential oils, penetrating into the lungs, are capturedimmune cells. And since they are considered to be alien to the body, this leads to inflammation and edema. This phenomenon is called lipoid pneumonia, and often it leads to death.
Inhalations in the common cold are often reported by a nebulizerare performed using an interferon solution. The recipe for the mixture is quite simple. For inhalation, the contents of 1 ampoule are required, which is mixed with saline (3 ml). The agent is placed in a drug container. The procedures should be performed 2 times a day for 5-15 minutes.
"Derinat" is used in treatment and preventionvirus diseases. It is used as a medicine for inhalations with a cold with a nebulizer. To conduct the procedure, 2 ml of the drug is enough, which is diluted with saline (2 ml).
Helps with a runny nose for inhalations for nebulizer saline (0.9%). It is only necessary to inhale vapors of saline solution or mineral waters, preferably Borjomi.
Thanks to the inhalation of water vapor, the nasal mucosa is moistened, the crusts appear to soften, and mucus is more easily removed. A person feels a decrease in burning in the nose and the elimination of dryness.
Inhalation for cough and colds by a nebulizerare carried out with the help of pharmacy decoctions, for example, with "Tonzilgon". The mixture consists of several herbs, it includes chamomile, marshmallow, horsetail, walnut, yarrow, oak and dandelion. It has an antiseptic, immunostimulating property.
To maintain local immunity will allow"Chlorophyllipt" is an extract of eucalyptus, which has not only a stimulating effect, but also a secretolytic effect. The nasal secret becomes liquid, which makes it easier to remove it from the nose. Procedures can not be performed if there is an allergy to the plants included.
Recipes for inhalations in the common cold are nebulizer simple enough. "Tonzilgon" should be diluted with saline in the amount of:
"Chlorophyllipt" should be diluted with saline in the amount of 1:10. To use the solution in an inhaler, it must be divided into equal parts of 3 ml. It is necessary to perform 2 procedures per day.
Recipes of inhalations in the cold with a nebulizer withAlcohol solutions are a little difficult to use, because it is necessary to accurately dose the drug. For this, "Rotokan" and alcohol tinctures of marigold and propolis are suitable. To prepare the solution, it is necessary to dilute the tincture with saline in the amount of 1:40. Inhalation alcohol solutions are allowed to perform no more than 2 times a day.
Inhalations in the common cold can be performed with an adult solution of "Furacilin" - it is poured into the device. The procedures are performed 2-3 times a day, applying 4 ml per 1 inhalation.
The use of antibiotics in the treatment of coldsis considered meaningless, besides it can lead to a decrease in immunity and the appearance of fungal infections. Therefore, one should not prescribe such drugs on their own so as not to allow serious complications.
Even than do inhalations with a colda nebulizer? Mucolytic drugs may be used, although they are more effective in coughing than for nose diseases. But if you suffer from a cold, then cough treatment will not be superfluous, and in this case you need such combined means as:
Recipes of inhalations in the common cold with a nebulizer forchildren are the same as for adults, it is only necessary to adhere to dosages. Procedures can be performed up to 1 year. Particularly effective are activities with an inclination to diseases of the lungs and bronchi.
To make the remedy effective, it is necessarycorrectly apply. Unsuitable dosage or improperly performed procedure not only lowers the effectiveness of the medication, but can also negatively affect a person's condition. There are some rules that will prevent errors in the implementation of procedures:
Inhalations with saline solution and mineralwater has almost no contraindications. If different means are added to the nebulizer, it is necessary to get acquainted with the instruction and with contra-indications to a certain composition. Although the procedures are safe, there are contraindications.
Before the appointment of treatment, doctors warn about side effects and contraindications:
Inhalations facilitate a person's condition fora short time. It is enough to perform the procedures regularly and taking into account the recommendations of the doctor. It is important to follow the instructions to the drugs. Then a person recovers quickly enough.