/ / How is hives treated? Learn how to treat hives in children and adults

How is hives treated? Learn how to treat hives in children and adults

Urticaria is a disease accompanied byformation of blisters on the surface of the skin. This disease in the modern world is diagnosed more often, so the issue of treating this disease becomes more urgent. Let's talk about how and how to treat hives.

There is an opinion that urticaria is allergicreaction to contact with certain substances. However, this is not quite true. Sometimes the underlying cause of the disease is autoimmune or false-allergic nature. Therefore, urticaria can not be considered an infectious disease, as is often thought.

Symptomatology of the disease

how to treat urticaria
For hives are characterized by the following symptoms:

  • the appearance of blisters or rashes accompanied by severe itching;
  • general malaise;
  • there may be a headache;
  • the temperature rises;
  • edema of tissues;
  • there may appear vesicles containing hemorrhagic exudate;
  • can develop pigmentation spots.

Rashes are of various sizes: from very tiny points to giant spots that can merge into a single whole.

The acute form of urticaria lasts several days, andthe extent of the disease is not less than 6 weeks. Acute hives can pass into the chronic course of the disease or into a recurring form. In this case, the rashes are transformed into papules that accompany the strongest itching.

Types of urticaria

There are several types of disease. Let us consider each of them in detail.

Cold urticaria

than treat urticaria
The attack begins when the human skinLow temperatures, for example, cold water or air, are affected. The first signs manifest themselves in a few minutes. Sometimes there may be weakness or headache, as well as shortness of breath and tachycardia. A variety of this type of ailment is reflex urticaria, which develops not as a general supercooling of the body, but as a local reaction. The rash covers only the skin around the supercooled part of the body, while it remains intact.

Thermal urticaria

The disease manifests itself after overheating, in particular when visiting the bath. It manifests itself in the form of small in size elevations on the skin.

Hives of physical stress

Factor capable of provoking this speciesdisease, is a great burden. At the same time, blood vessels can swell, a specific (wheezing) breathing appears, and possibly a sharp drop in blood pressure.

Mechanical (dermograph) urticaria

This type of disease develops as a result ofirritation of the skin by mechanical action, for example, a provocateur may become a vibration. There is a malaise in the form of small linear elevations on the site affected by the lesion.

Solar Urticaria

It can be formed under the influence of sunlight. The attack occurs a few hours after the person has gone into the shadows.

Contact urticaria

In the process of skin or mucous membrane contact withcertain substances can develop an attack of the urticaria of this type. He is always accompanied by blisters, severe itching and burning. Quite often, latex becomes a provocateur. This type of urticaria can be accompanied by anaphylactic shock.

Factors affecting the formation of the disease

how to treat urticaria in children
There are a number of reasons that can provoke the development of hives. When can it arise?

  1. After the application of "forbidden" for the body of drugs, which is accompanied by an appropriate response.
  2. After using some "undesirable" food, which can not but be reflected externally, in this case in the form of "patterns" on the skin.
  3. After biting small insects that can provoke an allergic reaction (urticaria) by injecting your poison under the human skin. In most cases, these are bees and mites.
  4. It can be a flower pollen, at which inhalation the disease is shown.
  5. Increased sensitivity to sunlight, low air temperature and other natural phenomena can also manifest as itching blisters of hives.
  6. Dental caries, tonsillitis, adnexitis are diseases that are directly related to the onset of chronic urticaria.
  7. Hereditary genetic predisposition.
  8. Glistovye invasions - helminths.
  9. Direct contact with wool cover (animals, clothing).
  10. If it is a child who is breastfed, the cause of urticaria may be malnutrition of the mother.

To stabilize the patient and notto allow changes in the form of a more complex (acute), it is necessary to diagnose the disease itself in a timely manner. With prolonged contact with the allergen in humans, there is an excessive accumulation of intracellular proteases (cathepsins) in the body, which is the cause of a prolonged urticaria, that is, a chronic form of the disease. The most resistant is the papular form of the urticaria. This is when the disease was not detected, and its treatment was not carried out, which was the reason for the formation of dense papules (nodules) of a reddish brown color.

Treatment of urticaria in adults

How to treat urticaria in adults?Regardless of the course of the disease, treatment always begins with a change in diet. Possible allergens are excluded from the daily diet. Enterosorbents are prescribed for ingestion. The selection of such a complex of vitamins, which contains the necessary substances to maintain the normal functioning of the body.

In this case, the doctor usually prescribes ascorbicacid, "Riboflavin", "Pyridoxine" and other drugs. If the disease is accompanied by constipation, then laxatives and probiotics are prescribed.

Acute treatment

how to treat urticaria in adults
What is the treatment of urticaria in adults in this case? In the acute attack of urticaria, the following treatment is prescribed:

  • antiallergic drug that reduces the permeability of blood vessels, as well as increases their tone;
  • antihistamines that eliminate itching;
  • ointments containing glucose steroids or anesthesin, antiallergic gels.

If angioedema develops, then the patientadrenaline hydrochloride is injected subcutaneously. For choking, intravenous corticosteroids are required, as well as antihistamines and calcium chloride. Additionally, it is necessary to introduce diuretic drugs.

Chronic treatment

The disease, which has passed into the chronic form, is quite difficult to treat. What is the treatment of urticaria in adults with this course of the disease?

Here, the daily regimen, diet,and the elimination of chronic infections. For the diagnosis of the disease is assigned a number of laboratory tests necessary to identify the source. Only after a comprehensive study, the doctor selects an individual treatment, which not only relieves the symptoms of the underlying disease, but also eliminates comorbid disorders.

Drug therapy in this case includes:

  • Desensitizing drugs. Patients prescribed sodium thiosulfate solution course, consisting of 15 shots. Injections must be done either daily or every other day.
  • Antihistamines.
  • In the case of a severe course of the disease, glucocorticoid hormones are prescribed.
  • If the body is detoxified, then hemosorption is prescribed.
  • Medications that can stimulate the activity of the adrenal glands.

what is the treatment of urticaria in adults

Treatment of the disease in children

On the question of how to treat urticaria in children, commonThere is no answer. There is simply no single drug. A doctor can prescribe a therapeutic treatment only after finding out the true causes of this reaction.

The most commonly used drugs and procedures

Although a certain method does exist. So, how to treat urticaria in children?

The first tool that you need to give your babywith an attack, is an antihistamine. Taking drugs in this category allows you to stop the development of the disease, as well as improve the child's well-being.

how to treat hives in children

You can use the ointment, in whichincluded hormonal drugs. However, it is permissible to use these remedies only in case of severe development of the urticaria, since besides the excellent therapeutic effect, the use of the ointment can give a lot of adverse reactions.

Следующее, что дают ребенку, - мочегонные drugs. This category of drugs accelerates the removal of fluid from the body, which helps reduce swelling and, consequently, improve the condition of the little patient. However, electrolytes are removed from the body along with the fluid, so there is a need to control the quality of the blood.

Абсорбенты, обладая прекрасными впитывающими qualities, remove all harmful substances from the body. And since urticaria is a manifestation of an allergic reaction that occurs almost immediately after the provoking substance enters the body, there is a possibility that it has not yet been completely absorbed, and it can be removed with the help of an absorbent.

Sometimes a child needs plasmapheresis. During this procedure, the resulting allergic complexes are removed from the blood plasma. However, plasmapheresis is used only in very severe cases.

How to treat hives in children, if it provoked the development of angioedema

If angioedema began to develop, then the following set of measures is carried out.

  1. The child must enter a solution of adrenaline.
  2. Then the hormonal drug Prednisolone is administered intravenously.
  3. Appointed by the antihistamine group.
  4. Also diuretics are administered by the intravenous route.
  5. In severe cases, artificial lung ventilation may be used.

Information on how to treat urticaria in hospitals has already been received. It's time to turn to traditional medicine.

Treatment of the disease with the help of folk remedies

how to treat urticaria folk remedies
Talk about how to treat urticaria in childrenfolk remedies. Treatment options are many, but remember, before you use any prescription, you must consult with your doctor. What is the treatment of urticaria in children using "grandmother's" methods?

Here are some effective recipes.

  1. Infuse 4 tablespoons of peppermint in 300 ml of hot water. Take the infusion three times a day, 50 ml.
  2. A glass of dry yarrow pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 40 minutes. Broth to accept three times during the day on one third of a glass.
  3. Отличное природное мочегонное средство – celery. The plant removes all excess fluid from the body. The root of the plant is ground on a grater, squeezed juice and take it an hour before meals in a tablespoon.

Traditional methods of treatment act only asadditional funds, but can not be a complete replacement for drug therapy. It is also necessary to make sure that the plant used does not become a source of allergy and does not aggravate the course of the disease. Now you know how to treat hives folk remedies.

Be healthy!

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