/ / Symptoms and treatment of urticaria. Types and Diagnostics of Urticaria

Symptoms and treatment for urticaria. Types and Diagnostics of Urticaria


In this article I would like to talk about the symptomsand treatment of hives. What is the disease? What factors cause the development of the disease? What are the first signs of hives? Answers to these and other questions can be learned by reading our material.

General information

symptoms and treatment of urticaria

According to the researchers of the problem, the diseaseurticaria develops against a background of a significant increase in the concentration of blood histamine. An abundant amount of this organic compound begins to enter the body in cases where the expansion of capillaries is observed with an increase in their permeability. Given the mechanism presented, doctors agree that the disease is allergic in nature. Accordingly, the disease urticaria is a kind of allergic reaction. Manifestations of the disease begin to make themselves felt in response to external stimuli that affect the human body.

It should be noted that urticaria is extremelyA common disease among people of different sex and age. According to statistics, about 35% of the population face such an unpleasant occurrence at least once in their life. Usually, urticaria in adults runs fairly quickly and does not entail a serious health hazard. Much more suffering causes ailment in children. Especially if you have to deal with a disease in a chronic form, in which treatment can last for years.

Causes of the disease

rash with hives

Before talking about symptoms and treatmenturticaria, I would like to say a few words about the points that can cause the development of ailment. Among the main reasons contributing to the formation of the disease, doctors identify exogenous and endogenous factors. The first include the impact on the body of specific chemicals, temperature, as well as the use of certain foods, the use of certain pharmacological drugs in the form of antibiotics, serums.

If we talk about endogenous factors thatcan cause urticaria in adults and children, it is worth noting all kinds of pathological conditions of internal organs. Especially often the disease develops against the background of violations in the functioning of the liver, gastrointestinal tract. All this creates a basis for the development of allergic reactions.

Separately, it should be noted the probability ofhives on nerves. Sometimes the cause is the bites of blood-sucking insects, which lead to the ingestion of active chemical compounds like histamine. A significant number of clinical cases occur in parasitic infections.

Symptomatology

a hives on nerves

Considering the symptoms and treatment of hives, you neednote that the first sign of the development of the disease is the appearance on the skin of the rash. The foci of the latter form rapidly and just as quickly disappear in case of identification of the main reason for the formation of the problem and the appointment of appropriate treatment.

With hives, the body is surrounded by numerousblisters. Such neoplasms on the skin have a pale pink shade. Rashes have a dense structure. According to appearance, these manifestations are visually similar to burns, which remain when contact with nettle, from which the name of the disease occurs.

The appearance of blisters on the body makes a personperiodically experience a feeling of severe itching. As a rule, discomfort is observed for several minutes, and then recedes for a while. This manifestation of the ailment is often accompanied by a general malaise, febrile conditions, migraine attacks, and other things.

Classification

Researchers identify the following types of disease:

  • acute urticaria;
  • angioedema;
  • physical urticaria;
  • recurrent chronic urticaria;
  • temperature urticaria;
  • cholinergic urticaria.

Next, consider each variant of the disease separately.

Acute urticaria

hives disease

Disease in the presented form gives about itselfto know suddenly and is characterized by the appearance on the body of quite impressive foci of rash with elements of various sizes. Blisters that have a matte shade with a pink border, start to itch strongly. Over time, the rash merges into extensive spots, after which the patient begins to suffer from chills. Discomfort is supplemented by an increase in body temperature, a disorder of the stomach, a general deterioration of well-being.

In acute hives, the rash is surrounded by rashesmainly the buttock zone. Blisters also cover the trunk, upper and lower extremities. Discomfort in the case of the development of the disease in this form persists for several days. Then unpleasant feelings begin to recede, as irritating factors cease to have an impressive effect on the body.

Edema Quincke

The disease is known by the definition of "gianturticaria. "In medical practice, the ailment is also often called angioedema." What are the main pathological manifestations of this disorder? The disease is characterized by the sudden occurrence of edemas of organic nature on the skin and mucous membranes. "The patient feels constant itching, burning. there are relapses.

The danger of such a disease is highthe likelihood of swelling in the larynx, which can lead to asphyxia and stenosis. If the mucous membranes of the eye sockets are affected, there is often a loss of vision, excessive lacrimation, and other accompanying discomfort.

Physical urticaria

This type of disease is predominantlyin children. Doctors record cases of the disease mainly among toddlers at the earliest age. The disease is formed when exposed to the body of various physical factors that cause skin irritation. For example, such a disease can develop against the background of using too tight, squeezing the body of clothing.

Temperature urticaria

cure for urticaria

Blisters on the body, characteristic of the disease,can form with prolonged exposure to a person in the cold. There is a rash under the influence of this factor in the very few people whose organism reacts sharply to changes in the temperature of the surrounding space. In this case, contact with cold water can lead to the appearance of blisters.

To ailment of this type also belongspecific reactions to the effects of solar heat. As a rule, the disease develops under the influence of this factor in adults. If a person is inclined to form this urticaria, then in case of exposure to ultraviolet radiation on the skin, reddening begins to appear. Then blisters and puffiness are formed.

Cholinergic urticaria

Disease in the presented formis rarely diagnosed. The problem is typical for young people. The disease is accompanied by the appearance on the body of an abundant number of small, very itchy rashes. Cholinergic urticaria develops on the nerves, when a person inclined to the formation of an ailment is in a state of great stress. Exacerbations can be observed after taking a hot shower, physical exertion.

Chronic urticaria

first signs of urticaria

The disease develops in this form in cases,when persistent foci of infection are formed in the body, for example, caries, tonsillitis, adnexitis, etc. are noted. Lead to the emergence of chronic urticaria also disruptions in the work of the liver, organs of the gastrointestinal tract.

Форма заболевания характеризуется появлением на skin of minor, usually barely noticeable rashes. However, small foci of blisters are observed in the most diverse parts of the body. Against the background of such manifestations, there is a general malaise. Headache attacks are often noted. Some patients begin to suffer from an increase in body temperature and discomfort in the joints. If there is a lesion with blisters of the mucous membranes of the internal organs, in this case nausea and the urge to vomit, digestive disorders may occur.

What do they eat with hives?

In order to solve the problem, it is important to changedaily diet. If you do not pay attention to this point, you can exacerbate the problem and provoke an aggravation of the negative processes that occur in the body. In order to get rid of discomfort as soon as possible, doctors recommend the use of hypoallergenic products. It's about switching to food that is not capable of causing allergic reactions.

What foods need to be excluded from the diet to prevent the development of hives? Refuse is recommended from the following:

  • Foods high in fat.
  • Spicy dishes and spices in general.
  • Citrus fruits.
  • Conservation.
  • Chocolate.
  • Carbonated drinks.
  • Alcohol.

To determine the appropriate diet during the treatment of urticaria will help the doctor, relying on the form of the disease, the nature of the disease.

Diagnostics

urticaria differential diagnosis

Identification of the disease does not representdifficulties. Doctors confirm the diagnosis, based on the typical complaints of the patient and the characteristic clinical manifestations. In some cases, differential diagnosis of urticaria, which allows you to determine the specific type of disease. To do this, provocative tests are prescribed, as well as procedures that allow you to examine the biochemical and hormonal parameters of the blood.

Medication Therapy

What does the treatment for hives mean?Symptoms of the disease can be eliminated through the use of pharmacological drugs, whose action is aimed at suppressing disease-provoking factors. There is a wide range of medicines that can be used in a complex of systemic therapy. Such drugs are considered effective remedies for urticaria:

  • "Cetirizine", "Dipheninghydramine", "Loratadin" - antihistamines.
  • "Unitiol", "Cocarboxylase", "Fenistil" - drugs, whose action is aimed at eliminating discomfort.
  • "Adrenaline hydrochloride" - is used as a medicine for hives, when there is a threat to human life due to the formation of edemas.

If the course of the disease is severe,it is often necessary to perform detoxification of the organism in a hospital. To do this, doctors prescribe patients with glucose injections, as well as procedures such as plasmapheresis, hemosorption.

Traditional methods of treatment

If the rash occurs during hivesthe introduction of allergens into the body of medicines, therapy involves the use of folk methods. What kind of herbal remedies can eliminate the symptoms of an ailment, remove the sensation of itching and stop the spread of blisters? Here it is worth noting the following:

  • Infusions based on thyme, lavender, oak bark, hops, yarrow.
  • Compresses made from horseradish juice, grated potatoes, honey.
  • Tea Tree Oil, Sea Buckthorn, Melissa.
  • Baths from the broth of nettle.

The aforementioned folk remedies aresymptomatic. In other words, their use makes it possible to fight rash with hives. Determine the most effective solution allows consultation with a doctor. Only an expert can choose an effective method of traditional medicine, relying on the overall clinical picture of the disease.

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