The presence of erythrocytes in urine is determinedby urinalysis, their presence may indicate the presence of a variety of diseases, and some of which may be fatal to the patient.
The mechanism of the formation of erythrocytes in the urine
Erythrocytes begin their life in redbone marrow, and finish it in the spleen. The average erythrocyte lives about 3 months, after which it dies. Normally, erythrocytes in the urine should be absent, but if they are still there, then it is necessary to find out the cause of their appearance.
If the result of the urinalysis shows less3-erythrocytes in the zone of visibility, then it is not necessary to sound the alarm - this is the upper limit of the norm, that is, the value for which no normal analysis should go. Usually, these several red blood cells appear in the zone of visibility after heavy physical exertion or in the case when the patient did not go to the toilet for a long time before giving the test. There may also be other physiological reasons for the appearance of erythrocytes in the urine, the norm or not, is decided only by the doctor. The zone of visibility is a certain section of the slide, on which the sample is examined under a microscope.
The presence of erythrocytes in urine in medicine is indicated by several terms:
MicrohematuriaErythrocytes in urine can be seen only undermicroscope. The color of urine in this case does not change or changes so insignificantly that it can not be noticeable with the naked eye, and the disease itself often does not disturb the patients.
MacrohematouryIn macrohematuria, urine is colored redor pink color, which is evident even with the naked eye when urinating. The complicated name of the disease is quite easily deciphered: macro - a lot, hemato - blood, uriya - urine. If you combine all the translated words, you will get a simple diagnosis for hearing a diagnosis - a large amount of blood in the urine. If macrochemistry arises, consult a doctor immediately to find out the causes of this pathology.
Diseases in which erythrocytes are detected in the urine
GlomerulonephritisGlomerulonephritis is an inflammation of the kidneysglomeruli, which in chronic form can lead to the death of glomeruli and the replacement of their connective tissue. With glomerulonephritis, not only erythrocytes in the urine, but also the protein usually appear.
Stones in the kidneysIf the patient has kidney stone disease, thenmost likely will be red blood cells in the urine, the reasons for this are concrements, which during their movement inside the renal pelvis can damage the capillaries and cause slight bleeding.
Neoplasm of the bladderNeoplasm of the bladder can be accompanied by necrosis of blood vessels supplying it. In this case, all the blood that is formed in the bladder is discharged outward along with the urine.
HemophiliaHemophilia is a pathological disorderblood coagulability. In hemophilia, hemorrhages often occur in muscles, joints, and also in internal organs. It is not excluded that red blood cells enter the bladder, and their removal by the urethra.
Hemorrhagic cystitisCystitis is a disease caused by inflammation of the bladder. With hemorrhagic cystitis, the wall of the bladder breaks down and the blood, along with the other detachable, is removed outward along with the urine.
The causes of erythrocyte in the urine canto be quite a lot, the article does not give a complete list of the diseases that cause this deviation. The main thing - do not engage in self-medication, and at the first signs of hematuria always seek help from a qualified doctor.