The drug "Enalapril" is a member of the groupmedicines that can reduce blood pressure. The main active ingredient is enalaprilate. It slows the action of the angiotensin-converting enzyme. After taking the drug, the hypotensive effect occurs an hour later and lasts for a day. To obtain optimal pressure values, several weeks are needed to be treated.
Pharmacological action of the drug "Enalapril"
The patient's testimonies indicate thatthe agent has a slight diuretic effect. The drug slows the evolution of left ventricular dysfunction in patients with a heart attack. The drug stimulates the blood supply of the myocardium, reduces the aggregation of platelets. The agent causes an expansion of the arteries and veins. With proper use of the drug "Enalapril", patients' reviews confirm that there is an improvement in coronary and renal blood flow. Long-term use of the drug reduces hypertrophy of the myocardium and prevents the development of heart failure. The medication is in the form of tablets.
Who needs and who should not take the medicine "Enalapril"
Patient feedback confirms the effectivenessuse of an agent for the treatment of hypertension, myocardial ventricular dysfunction on the left, for the prevention of coronary ischemia. The list of prohibitions for reception is much wider. You can not use the medicine for hypersensitivity to the components, with angioedema, during lactation, with cerebrovascular deviations. Treatment is contraindicated in coronary insufficiency, ischemia of the heart, aortic stenosis, after kidney transplant, with a reduced volume of blood circulation. Appointments do not produce elderly people, pregnant women and children under 18 years of age.
Side effects of the medicine "Enalapril"
Reviews of doctors warn that the tool cancause undesirable effects. In rare cases, arrhythmia, angina, retrosternal pain, palpitation, thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery were observed. Taking medication can provoke unconsciousness, weakness, insomnia, anxiety, depression, headache, fatigue. Side effects include dry mouth, dyspeptic disorders, abdominal pain, intestinal obstruction, hepatitis, jaundice, pancreatitis.
In addition, rhinorrhea, glossitis,pharyngitis, dyspnea, vasculitis, arthritis, allergic reactions, decreased desire, proteinuria, alopecia, angioedema, hyperbilirubinemia, agranulocytosis.
To buy the medicine "Enalapril", the prescriptionnot required. However, self-medication is not recommended, since the consequences of improper intake can be deplorable. In addition, an overdose leads to a marked decrease in pressure. As a result, there may be a collapse, stupor, a violation of cerebral circulation, a heart attack. In the worst cases, only hemodialysis and intravenous plasma substitutes can help the patient.