The summary of the works of A.P.Chekhov, written in the early period of his work, makes it possible to understand their storyline, but somewhat detracts from the writer's ideological plan. In his stories, every detail is important, so you can fully understand the ideological intent of the author only in case of reading the full text. This also applies to the story "The Intruder", written in 1885 and consisting almost entirely of dialogues.
In the office in front of the investigator's deskstood a small and skinny, but rather stern man, unshaven and with a disheveled hair that had not been washed for a long time. He was barefoot, dressed in a festive shirt and tattered shirts. So begins his story-sketch Anton Chekhov.
Malefactor, crime summarywhich becomes clear from the ensuing dialogue with the investigator, is an uneducated peasant Denis Grigoriev. He was noticed by the guard at the railroad tracks, when he unscrewed the nut on the rails. And now the investigator was trying to get from the man, which made him go for such a serious offense.
Attacker Chekhov throughout the wholeconversation can not understand why he was detained. When asked whether he unscrewed the nut that lies on the table, Grigoriev answered in the affirmative. And then he begins to explain in detail to the investigator that a very good sinker is obtained from it, which can not be avoided without the help of deep-sea fish. Everyone knows this: local, Klimovsky, muzhiks, and gentlemen, for whom they often sew seine. After all, without a sinker, the nozzle will not go to the bottom - he quite seriously declares. On the words that for this you can use lead or another item, Denis says with a simple heart that it is better to find nothing. It is heavy and there is a hole. So the interview of the investigator with the peasant comes to a standstill, because they do not understand each other. This partly shows and its summary. The attacker of Chekhov is actually convinced that he does not do anything wrong. So, the guard detained him in vain.
Against a background of mutual misunderstanding, it is quite naturalbecomes the reaction of Denis Grigoriev, when he hears that his act could lead to the collapse of the train and the death of many people. "Are not we ... villains like that?" He quite seriously declares. The peasant believes that from one or two twisted nuts nothing will happen: "Oh how many years the whole village ... unscrew." And then he explains that the Klimovo peasants do everything according to the mind: they leave the nuts on the rails. They know how to do it right. Now, if he, Grigoryev, for example, took the sleepers or put the log on the rails, then there really would be an accident. And then fie-nut.
But the investigator understands from the conversation thatlike happens in these places constantly. "That's why the train got off the rails a year ago," he notes, which again provokes sincere perplexity in Denis. "That's why you are educated," Grigoriev answers to the investigator's guess. And then he asks to punish the watchman, who grabbed him without understanding, and even hit him twice.
So sums up the conversation - here it is givenvery brief content - Chekhov. "Intruder" is a vivid example of what ignorance and ignorance of the people can lead to. And also - the accusation against the authorities, which allow occurrence of similar situations in life.
This simple phrase fully expressesthe state of the peasant, convinced of his innocence. He readily tells the investigator about other nuts found in his house: when and with whom he extracted them. He does not convince the peasant of his guilt and the mention of the investigator about the one thousand eighty-first article of the Penal Code and its brief content. The attacker Chekhov (although in fact it is difficult to call it that) really can not understand why he was detained.
The whole story ends unpleasant for the herothe news that he was sent to prison. He again in bewilderment: "I have no time, ... I need to go to the fair." And then he starts to remember possible sins: the arrears (the elder aggrandizes), two siblings ("brother for brother is not a defendant"), the deceased master-master, in which he saw his intercessor ("he would show you"). And lead Denis, who did not find the answer to his question. "You have to judge skillfully ...", he concludes his speech.
This is the storyline and its brief content.The "malefactor" Chekhov accidentally received the subtitle "sketch", since only reading it in the original will fully understand the tragedy of the situation described by the author.