A summary of the Iliad is recommended inwithin the framework of the school program and for the purpose of general self-development, because of the complexity of the original. This story originates in ancient Greece, in the days of heroes and legends. Written by a blind poet, the "Iliad" of Homer will for a long time still excite the minds of historians and philosophers with its ambiguity and scale.
First of all, it is necessary to understand thatthe work is tied around the city of Troy, or else "Ilios", from where it takes its name "Iliad". The brief content of the first parts is easy to convey in a few words: the prince Troy Paris together with his brother Hector visit with a friendly visit of the Tsar Sparta Menelaus. Paris, struck by the beauty of Menela Elena's wife, deceives and takes her to Troy, which can not go unpunished. From this moment, a break occurs: dozens of heroes, such as Odysseus, Ajax, Achilles, etc., with the support of many Allied states gathered with the armies to besiege the impregnable city. In the first days of the siege, the invulnerable Achilles destroys the temple of the patron god of Troy, which, according to legend, condemns himself to death. In the following days, the hero of Troy, Hector, fights with Patroclus, dressed in the armor of Achilles, followed by the death of Patroclus and revenge on the part of Achilles himself.
Main part. Siege
"Iliad", the summary of which shouldminimum cover the main events of that time, could not ignore the description of the conflict itself: a long, useless siege and feelings of hopelessness of the soldiers of all Greece before the grandeur of the inviolable walls. Then follows the description of the battle and many victims from both warring sides, as well as the battle of Menelaus and Paris, in which Paris, disgraced, was saved by Hector, which only embittered the warriors. The Trojans returned to the walls of the city and the siege continued. But the cunning Odyssey, who was not the first time to find a way out of difficult situations, invented a plan to penetrate the city.
Trojan horse. Exodus
Let few people know the name of this poem, butit is thanks to the episode with the Trojan Horse that the name "Iliad", the summary of which is set forth here, went down in history as a feat. By the siege troops, a huge horse was gathered from the wood of the ships, which was left as a gift to the victorious Three. The catch was that several dozen warriors were concealed inside the horse, ready at night, after the celebration of the victory, to open the gates of the main army hiding behind the rocks on the coast. At nightfall, Troy fell under the onslaught of the Greeks who had broken into the city, and only a few Trojans managed to escape by sea. According to legend, it was they who founded Rome. In the same battle, the great Achilles also fell, struck by the arrow of Paris in the only weak spot - the heel.
So what does it teach us and what can we tellThe Iliad? The summary, of course, can not convey all the meaning invested in the poem by the author, but even these excerpts of history are enough to understand that strength does not always triumph over lesser power, and cunning can sometimes bring someone a victory, and someone great grief. The main idea of the story is that let this battle happen very, very long time ago, the memory of the heroic deeds of heroes will live for centuries, and they, like the gods of their time, will be alive while they are remembered.