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Theory of literature and its fundamentals


Books occupy a very important place in lifemodern man. Educational, scientific, entertaining, specialized - they are all equally needed. And it does not matter in what form they are presented: traditional printed, electronic or audio. Anyway, any book is a source of information of one kind or another, accessible to anyone who took it.

Theory of Literature
Of course, the importance of books can not be overemphasized.The same can be said about the science of their studying literature. Its foundations are taught at school, and everyone can continue studying it. This article is designed to contribute to this.

The theory of literature is one of the most importantcomposing literary criticism. This concept is very closely communicated with philosophy and aesthetics, which contribute to its understanding and explanation. It is based on the history and criticism of literature, but at the same time justifies them, forming with them a single and indivisible whole. But what does the theory of literature study?

Answer this question monosyllabically does not work, since this section of science has three types: socialist, formalistic and historical.

In the first, all forces rush to study the reflection of reality (figurative). In the foreground, such concepts as artistry, class, nationality, worldview, partisanship, method.

Functions of literature
Formalist theory of literature studies the structureand ways of constructing various works (both poetic and prosaic). In it, the greatest attention is paid to the idea, style, theme, versification, plot and so on.

Well, the historical theory of literature, as one can understand by name, is studying directly the literary process and its changes associated with the passage of time. In it, genres and gender are important.

Having carried out a generalization of all three species, one can makethe conclusion that this section of science gives all its strength to the study of various works and the definition of their genre, style, historical significance, class, and also the search for a line of the plot, theme and idea.

From this we can conclude that many literary figures are familiar with the foundations of the theory of literature - most book lovers use them to some extent.

Fundamentals of the theory of literature
This section of science deals with many problems. Among them - related to poetics and methodology. Of course, one should not forget about the function of literature, whose problems are also studied by theory.

In other words, it can be called the meaning, the role of various works.

For example, the function of educational literatureis the supply of useful information in a suitable form. Artistic works should please the reader, perform political, communicative, aesthetic, cognitive and other roles. And children's literature should educate, educate (have instructive motives), promote the development of a small reader. It should be able to attract the attention of the child and fully correspond to the normal level of development of the age category for which it is intended. In addition, children's literature should perform aesthetic, moral, cognitive, cultural and other functions.

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