The work was written by A. Pushkin in 1828.Working on it, the poet addressed both to official historical sources, and to legends, folk dumas and songs. The author did not just give the poem the name "Poltava". Pushkin (a summary of the reasons for writing this work can be found in some biographical studies) I wanted to tell you about such an ambiguous historical event as the Battle of Poltava. At the same time, Poltava became an innovative product.
A. Pushkin, Poltava: summary
Within a single work, Pushkin combinedseveral personal and political themes that worried people of his era. The action of the poem takes place in the Ukrainian city of Poltava. The summary refers readers to the events of 1709. In those days there was a war between Russia and Sweden. But the poem does not begin with politics, but with the personal drama of Ivan Mazepa. The Ukrainian hetman sends matchmakers to Mary, the beautiful and proud daughter of Colonel Kochubei. But the girl's parents are outraged by Mazepa's act, because Maria is the hetman's goddaughter. In addition, the alleged bridegroom is twice as old as the bride. Despite the opinion of the parents, Maria runs to Mazepa, because she has long been in love with him. Nevertheless, Kochubei intends to take revenge on the hetman.
Then the poem "Poltava", the summary of whichmisses some details, tells that many in Ukraine wanted to take the side of Sweden, having terminated "ties" with Russia. Soon Mazepa joined the group. On the plans of the hetman to join Sweden learned Kochubei and decided to inform Peter about it. The colonel found a man who agreed to convey everything to the Russian emperor. The man named was a Poltava Cossack who had once been in love with the daughter of Kochubey, but had rejected it.
After some time Russian grandees sendhetman's denunciation of him, written in the city of Poltava. Summary notes that Peter at first did not believe denunciation. Mazepa, in turn, requires the execution of scammers. The poem "Poltava", the brief content of which is incapable of conveying the author's inimitable language, tells about Kochubey being in prison. He is frightened by the shame and the fact that the king did not believe him. In the dungeon Kochubey enters Orlik, hoping to learn about the treasures hidden by the colonel. Kochubei does not even think about telling about this and soon finds himself in the hands of the executioner.
Despite the genius of the poem described, sherather one-sidedly characterizes Mazepa. First of all, he appears in the role of "villain." Nevertheless, Pushkin managed to create a vivid and memorable image.