In Russian literature there are many examples,when artists were inspired by historical events and personalities and wrote their works about them. And often it happens that several authors write about one person. So it happened with the insurrection, which was expressed through the image of Pugachev in the works of Pushkin and Yesenin. The writing-comparison on this topic is often asked to write to schoolchildren.
Two great poets, Pushkin and Yesenin, each in their owntime took up the task of sanctifying the Pugachev uprising. It would seem that the view of the same events should be the same, but they got a lot of differences. Among other things, the use of different tools for this purpose.
Pushkin used the image of Pugachev in the work"Captain's daughter". It is a historical novel; the book describes a specific historical era. The author from the outside observes the development of actions.
Yesenin chose for his narration the genre of a dramatic poem. He deeply felt the spirit of that insurrection and the personality of Pugachev, he admired him.
We can say that the image of Pugachev in the works of Pushkin and Yesenin finds a difference already from the genres of their works, which is surprising, because both studied almost one historical evidence.
Pugachev in the "Captain's Daughter" Pushkin appearsmore like a leader gang of robbers, rather than the leader of the uprising. He wants to be like Grishka Otrepiev, a cruel adventurer. Ready to kill innocent people who stand in his way. He is fully aware that the uprising is doomed to failure, and from this it behaves like a driven beast.
Nevertheless, even Pushkin can not deny that inPugachev has generosity and kindness. So, for example, he could not harm Grinev, who once helped the leader of the uprising. This is a mature, experienced person, whom people are ready to listen to and are ready to go. It is the versatility of the image that gives life to the hero. Pushkin Pugachev saw this, studying historical documents.
Esenin also studied historicaldocuments, but his Pugachev turned out to be much more attractive. Yesenin gives his hero such a trait as dreaminess, Pugachev really wants to go to the Kazakh steppes. The leader of the insurrection of the poet now has a romantic soul. He is very kind and forgives even his friends-traitors, who give it out to the authorities.
Slightly spoils the image of Yesenin Pugachevskayaself-confidence. He believes that he is always welcome. It is also said in the poem that people like him for being rampant, but, obviously, it is just, otherwise all would simply be afraid of him.
The essay on this topic should begin with a review of the images individually, which we did above. Then, according to the ready-made descriptions, it will be very easy to make a comparative description.
The image of Pugachev in the works of Pushkin and Yeseninsimilar in some features of character. So, they have in common cruelty to the guilty and innocent, and also sometimes manifested kindness. Both poets find that Pugachev is a strong, unordinary personality, but Yesenin is almost a genius. The authors give Pugachev the gift of foresight, the hero knows for sure that his attempts to create an uprising and to free the peasants will fail.
Отметим, что образ Пугачева в произведениях Pushkin and Yesenin also have rather strong differences. The most important of them is to understand the role of the Pugachev uprising. Pushkin did not understand and believed that this was only an isolated case, that the uprising could not have ended in a different way. Yesenin also saw in Pugachev all the Russians, the peasantry and felt a kinship with them, it was just a popular uprising. No wonder the author describes nature so much, as if he unites the insurrection and Pugachev with it. Yesenin is endowed with a poetic soul, while in Pushkin he is just a clever, but not too deep person.
There are several reasons why the image of Pugachev in the works of Pushkin and Yesenin turned out differently.
First, Pushkin belonged to the highest,nobility. He looked at this uprising as a threat, a mistake on the part of the indignant and did not understand the purpose for which it was done. He calls this rebellion "meaningless and merciless." Yesenin also grew up in the village, among the peasants, so it can be said that he is from the lower class, from which the rebels came. That is why he is close and clear and the goal, and means. This explains why the image of Pugachev in the works of Pushkin was so negative, and in Yesenin he is much more pleasant.
Secondly, the great poets lived with a difference of one hundredyears old. During this time, the political situation changed, the abolition of serfdom and royal power occurred. At this time, there was a review of all historical events, including the Pugachev uprising. His work was magnified and praised, many works were created on this subject.
The image of Pugachev in the works of Pushkin and Yesenin would be incomplete without a historical review. The writing on this topic can be completed with a brief historical background.
Yemelyan Ivanovich Pugachev was born in Donskoyarea and possessed all the features of this Cossack. He always had the special qualities of a leader, as well as ingenuity. After two wars, Pugachev went to the Yaik River and declared himself killed by Peter III there. The place was chosen with intent, because shortly before this there were violent clashes between peasants and the ruling elite in this place. We can say that Pugachev only led this uprising. He was able to assemble a solid army, more than once, but the organization of the army was clearly not enough. As a result, the 9,000-strong rebel army was defeated by only 3,000 regular troops. Pugachev himself was extradited to the authorities by his own associates. He was executed in 1775 in Moscow.
The image of Pugachev in the works of Pushkin, Yesenincan help to better understand the essence of the uprising and the nature of the leader when studying the historical aspect of the topic In general, such works allow to look at the events from another, human side.