December 8, 1991 held the so-calledparade of sovereignties. In the village of Viskuli near Belovezhskaya Pushcha, the leaders of Ukraine, Belarus and the RSFSR signed an act to end the existence of the USSR, which declared the formation of the CIS and announced the termination of the Union Treaty and the termination of the state structures that belonged to the former Union. In history, this act is called the Belovezhsky agreement.
In the RSFSR on June 12, 1990, largechanges. Democrats and Communists recognized the sovereignty of the Russian Federation. True, this was done within the Soviet Union. Such countries as Latvia and Estonia did not even begin to talk about their withdrawal from the USSR.
After these events, the famous parade begansovereignty. He swept through the remaining republics: autonomous in the USSR and the Union. You probably remember that in the Supreme Soviets the mandates were for the most part Communists. The first secretaries of the Central Committees of the republican communist parties became chairmen of the Supreme Soviets (except for Snegur (a simple member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Moldova) and Kravchuk (secretary on ideological issues of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine)).
After that some of them began to proclaimthemselves as Presidents, and declare the country a republic. In the summer and autumn of 1990, they talked with General Secretary Gorbachev quite differently. At the same time, they relied on the republican sovereignty, which was confirmed by the "will of the people".
By "people" they understood the title nationality,and the remaining citizens were automatically discriminated against. This was ignored by the Union leadership and by democratic "human rights activists". Everyone was interested in the "war of laws", which flared up every day. It involved the Union Center and the "sovereign" republics. The leadership of the Baltic states, Georgia and the "sovereign" RSFSR showed themselves very actively.
March 17, 1991 held a parade of sovereignties.He proclaimed the preservation of the Union. Out of 185.6 million citizens of the USSR, they had the right to vote 148.5 million (this is approximately 80%). 112 million were voted for the preservation of the USSR. In addition, the Ukrainian Armed Forces added a local referendum to the all-union one, which proclaimed the union legislation over the republican one. The Russian Congress announced the popular choice of the president of the RSFSR. According to official data, the majority of Ukrainians and Russians voted "For".
But, despite this, Mikhail Gorbachev overDuring the whole autumn I was engaged in reanimation of so-called Novogovarevsky process. In order to create a state on a confederal basis. To do this, even came up with the name SSG - Union of Sovereign States.
November 14 Gorbachev announces the creation of a single"A confederal democratic state". Yeltsin, who was standing next to him, said that everything is good and the Union will exist. Well and further, you know, all has left on the contrary.
As a result, the Russian Constitution recognizes sovereignty.
Many states have gained independence.So now it's safe to say that the parade of sovereignties led to the disintegration of the Union. It's good or bad, to judge, of course, not for us. Who knows what kind of life we would have if all this had not happened?