The Tretyakov Gallery accepted the exhibition under thethe title "Masterpieces of the Pinakothek of the Vatican". The time of its passage from February 19, 2016 to February 19, 2017. What is the Pinakothek, what is its significance for the inhabitants of Russia, you can learn from the article.
Pinakothek is a term that arose from a confluencetwo Greek words. The first part of the term means "board", that is, "picture", and the second - "storage". It's easy to guess what a Pinakothek is. In ancient Greece, the so-called room in which pictorial images were stored was called. Gradually, the meaning of the term changed somewhat.
In the Athenian Acropolis there was a building in the leftthe wing of which kept the paintings brought to the goddess Athena as a gift. They were located in several six-columned rooms. The collection consisted of various works with paintings. It was available for viewing by their citizens of Athens. The first catalog, which began the systematization of the repository, was created by Polemon of Ilios in the third - second century BC. e. There were pinakotheks on the island of Samos, in Herion (the temple of Hera).
Citizens of Ancient Rome used the term to designate a hall in which works of art were kept.
In the Renaissance, the term was used to designate collections of paintings that were open to visitors.
What is the Pinakothek today? The term is called art galleries. A good example is one of the most famous pinakothek world.
Collection of paintings of the Vaticanappeared a couple of hundred years ago. Its founder is Pope Pius Six. A few decades later, in 1797, most of the paintings were sent to Paris. The order for this was given to Napoleon. By 1815, the collection had returned to the Vatican. The decision on the return of values was made at the Congress of Vienna, held after the Napoleonic wars.
Painting did not have a permanent placedislocation. They were transferred from one hall to another, until they were placed in the wing of the Belvedere Palace. The public could see the Pinakothek only in 1908.
Twenty-four years later, a special building was built for the collection. The customer of construction was Pius Pius the Eleventh, and the architect L. Beltrami.
The collection consists of approximately 460 paintings, which are placed in eighteen rooms in chronological order. It contains works on religious themes. Basically it is the work of Italian masters.
Examples of halls:
You can visit the Pinakothek by purchasing a single ticket to enter the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums. The cost was 166 euros in 2016.
Since November 2016, the Vatican Pinakothek in the Tretyakov Gallery. What is represented in the brought collection and what is its significance for residents and guests of Moscow?
The exhibition (the Vatican's Pinakothek) consists of forty paintings. These are the works of Giovanni Belini, Caravaggio, Raphael and other masters of the twelfth-eighteenth century. It will continue until 19.02.2017.
Tickets to the Vatican's Pinakotheque will cost five hundred rubles per person. The visit to the exhibition is thirty minutes. You can buy tickets at any time on the personal website of the Tretyakov Gallery.
According to curator of the exhibition, Arkady Ippolitov,The exhibition is an original explanation of the idea "Moscow is the third Rome". In the Pinakothek, the history of the Papal State is concentrated for seven centuries. The institution of the papacy, he said, is the link between European civilization and the ancient world.
The exhibition begins with the earliest icon of Rome"Christ of Blessing", which dates from the twelfth century. It was written under the influence of Byzantium. The icon keeps memories of a single church, showing the single root from which the art of Italy and Russia developed.