Ancient Babylon

Before you begin to study the history of civilization, it is worthwhile to clarify where Babylon is. In the III millennium BC. On the territory between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates were laid the foundations of the Babylonian civilization.

The people of the interfluve created a unique and unique culture, the basis of which was cuneiform. The highest point of development of writing dates back to the reign of King Nebuchadnezzar.

Ancient Babylon is one of the wonders of the world,symbol of which were powerful walls, lined with enameled brick, hanging gardens of Semiramis - the beloved Nebuchadnezzar, and many others. Residents of the city were proud of the ability to protect their buildings from humidity. For this purpose, bitumen was used - an incredible achievement at the time in the field of construction. Moreover, to protect Babylon five miles from the city, a wall was built a hundred feet high and twenty feet thick, which ran from the banks of Euphrates to the Tigris. The weakest points inside the state were protected by fortresses. Another common phenomenon was the construction of bridges that connected both parts of the city.

The history of ancient Babylon testifies thatits inhabitants attached great importance to stellar predictions and deified forces of nature. Individual stars formed into groups and formed constellations such as Gemini, Aquarius (the governor, in their opinion, the flow of all waters on Earth), Sagittarius seemed to be an ally during the military operations and defender in difficult times, Taurus was especially worried because, in their view, had the possibility of destroying entire cities. It is interesting that the coronation process gave the ruler only the opportunity to rule, but did not make him a god. Also, the king could be relegated to the status of an ordinary person. But it was possible to find salvation by doing exceptionally good and just deeds, honoring the gods or supporting the temples. Thus, the king was in the status of a subject in relation to nature.

Ancient Babylon is the birthplace of such a science,as an astrology. Thanks to the efforts of astrologers, the sky was divided into twelve signs, and the movement of stars was also observed. Scientists suggest that the Babylonians already at that time used a telescope, as evidenced by their finding in the form of a lens.

Astrology is not the only science,achievements in which the ancient scientists could boast. In mathematics they have achieved no less success. During the geological excavations, tablets were found indicating the knowledge of the Pythagoras theorem by the Babylonians. It was her people who used to build the famous building - the city gate of blue color. They were decorated with images of sacred animals that were considered to be companions of the gods.

The construction of each new structurepreceded by a religious rite, which was given great importance. As a precious offering to the gods, beer and cream were poured onto the cornerstone, and divine figurines from clay with a metal rod in their hands were placed on top. He was a symbol of power. The end of the ritual was the sheep sacrifice.

If we talk about the architecture of the city, then itswere mainly brick one-storey and two-story buildings. Ancient Babylon is a city with a well thought out and precise planning, the streets of which, as a rule, intersect at right angles. Not only residents, but also the ruler himself was proud of the achievements in the field of construction, allowing to feel his protection from external attacks, given the level of development of the weapons business.

But the ancient Babylon did not survive the onslaught of the enemyand crumbled from the inside. The heir to Nebuchadnezzar was overthrown by his associates. So, the predictions of the Bible gradually began to come true, in which it was said that Babylon would turn into a pile of rubble, the place of its being will become a desert and no one will live in it - neither to people, nor to animals.

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