The word "Decembrists" is in the minds of many peopleis associated with the noble and self-sacrificing daredevils who, despite their noble origin, went against the higher society, that is, the society to which they themselves belonged. Here is the biography of Ryleev Kondraty Fedorovich - one of the leaders of the Decembrist movement - is a testament to his selfless struggle for justice and the rights of ordinary people.
September 18, 1795 in an impoverished noble family was born Rileyev Kondraty Fedorovich.His father, who served as the manager of Prince Golitsyn, was a man of great temper and behaved like a real despot in relation to his wife and son. Anastasia Matveyevna - Rileyev's mother, wishing to save her little son from her father's cruel treatment, was forced to give it up at the age of six (in 1801) to education in the first cadet corps. It was here that the young Kondraty Ryleyev discovered his strong character, as well as his talent for writing poetry. In 1814, the 19-year-old cadet becomes an officer, and he is sent to serve in horse artillery. In the first year of service, he traveled to Switzerland and France. Kondraty Fyodorovich graduated military career four years later, leaving in 1818 to retire.
In 1820, after the marriage to Natalia Tevyashova,Rileyev moved to Petersburg and moved closer to Moscow's intellectual circles. He becomes a member of the free society of lovers of Russian literature, and also he was interested in the Masonic lodge of the "Flaming Star". The literary activity of the future revolutionary begins in this period. He publishes his works in several St. Petersburg publications. The unheard-of audacity and courage of the poem "To the Tempter" impressed Rileyev's friends, as it pointed to General Arakcheev himself. The reputation of an incorruptible champion of justice, a young rebel poet acquired, when he received the post of assessor of the Criminal Chamber. Biography of Ryleev Kondraty Fedorovich, concerning the first years of his life in the capital, contains data on his friendship with many famous literary figures of the time: Pushkin, Bulgarin, Marlinsky, Speransky, Mordvinov, and others.
In the house Ryleev often collected literarysociety, and at one of these meetings, in 1823, Rileyev and Marlinsky (AA Bestuzhev), the idea of releasing the annual almanac "Polar Star", which was the forerunner of the newspaper "Moscow Telegraph", was born. At the same time the poem "Voynarovsky" and the famous patriotic ballads of "Duma" Ryleyev were published. The poet becomes a member of the revolutionary Northern Society, and a year later he is elected the leader of this society.
Since that time the biography of Ryleev Kondraty Fedorovich completely devoted to its revolutionaryactivities. After the legendary uprising in the Senate Square, the poet-revolutionary was arrested and imprisoned in the fortress. During the interrogations, he behaved calmly and took responsibility for organizing the insurrection on himself. Rileyev became one of the five Decembrists sentenced to death. Heroes-revolutionaries were hanged on July 13, 1826. Unfortunately, the biography of Ryleev Kondraty Fedorovich is very short, after all he lived only 31 years. However, his life was bright and rich and fully devoted to civil service and the public good.