Have you ever tried to read poetry?Not only to pass the test of literature, but for your own pleasure? Many intelligent people have long pointed out that in the short lines of poetry often contains unique encrypted message about the meaning of life and our place in this world. Even those who frankly do not like poetry, it is useful to think about why it suddenly second hundred years in a row in the anthology of literature, it says: "Tiutchev." Fountain "And what's so special about these sixteen lines?
In the classical n literature of the XIX century, poetryFedor Ivanovich Tyutchev stands somewhat away from its main directions. The images and expressive means of it are complex, multidimensional and ambiguous. In order to understand the whole philosophical depth and power of Tyutchev's poetry, it is not enough to simply read it. Over comprehension of meanings and images of the poet's works one has to work all his life. Analysis of Tyutchev's poem "Fountain" is impossible outside the context of everythingcreativity of this person. And creativity is inseparable from his life and biography. And if very little to continue the semantic range, it becomes obvious that the biography and fate of the poet is inseparable from the fate of Russia.
Let's think about what I wanted to convey toWe are a great Russian poet with his rather small work of volume. At least in the first approximation. It is necessary to have a very large degree of naivete, in order to describe how the jet of the fountain soars upwards, and then under the gravity of the earth's gravity, reaching the limit, refracts and falls down, to see and feel nothing more. And just silently admire how skillfully described the glare of the sun's rays on the stream of water. But the thoughtful reader, paying tribute to the poet's skill, will not finish this analysis of the poem Tyutchev's "Fountain." For the depiction of this phenomenon in the above work, the global struggle of elements and energies is easily seen. A rush to rebellion and doomed him to defeat. The inevitability of "returning everything to its own places," according to the Old Testament principles. And an attempt to overcome the initial determinism.
For a better understanding of theThe poem should be correlated with the time and place where it was created. This work was published in 1836 in Germany, where the author was in the diplomatic service. And in his work, among other things, he conducts a direct dialogue with the German romantic poets of that era and the idealist philosopher Schelling. And a simple analysis of Tyutchev's poem "Fountain" of many suggests that in this way the poet responded to Friedrich Schelling's doctrine about "a single world soul" that struck many contemporaries. According to the ideas of the Russian poet, she equally finds an embodiment both in the inner life of man, and in its surrounding Nature.
It is often customary to sneer at those Russianspatriots who prefer to love their homeland from afar and live with it in Western Europe. But the simple fact that the great Russian poet Feodor Ivanovich Tyutchev lived a considerable part of his life far from his homeland does not at all mean his distance from Russian life. In the capitals of Europe, Tyutchev lived for a long time, mainly on the basis of his diplomatic service. The theme of Russia and reflections on its fate are dominant in the poet's work. What a comprehensive work - a poem "Fountain" Tyutchev! It's not only about a single world soul that tells. These sixteen lines and to Russia are the most direct way. In the poem there are two opposing forces - the aspiration and the gravity of the earth.
For several centuries, the driving forcethe development of Russian thought is the philosophical conflict of two principles. The desire to crush everything and build something new on the ruins that were formed, and the desire at all costs to stand in the way of social progress and leave everything as it was before. This is a dispute between Western liberals and conservative soil scientists. A thoughtful analysis of Tyutchev's "Fountain" poem makes it possible to discover in it the presence of this confrontation between two historical intellectual concepts. Fedor Ivanovich Tyutchev, no doubt, was a representative of the conservative way of thinking. To the possibility of changing something in the Russian fate, he was very skeptical. He was often remembered several decades after his departure from life, when wars and revolutions came to Russia.
For a long time - and quite justified - the fate of the poet inRussia is considered to be tragic and doomed to destruction. But the biography of Fedor Ivanovich Tyutchev, apparently, is an exception, confirming this rule. He lived a long and well-off life. He made a brilliant career in diplomatic and public service. His conservative convictions were wholly and completely focused on preserving the existing state foundations. During his lifetime, the poet was heard and in demand. His merits in front of Russian statehood in monarchical circles were widely recognized. The poet rose to the rank of real secret counselor and was awarded many orders and regalia. For the last fifteen years of his life he headed the Censorship Committee, that is, he had the power to determine and decide what should be read to the Russian public, and what it should be protected from.