/ / AS Pushkin, "Poltava": analysis of the poem

AS Pushkin, Poltava: an analysis of the poem


His second-largest poem was written in record-breakingshort terms Pushkin. "Poltava" was conceived in the spring of 1828, but work on it somehow did not go, and Alexander Sergeyevich postponed this work until the fall. That's when the inspiration came to the writer, and he composed the poem in a few days. Pushkin wrote for days on end, distracted only to satisfy his hunger, verses dreamed him even at night. The poet in a hurry recorded everything that came to him in the head, sometimes even prose, and then corrected.

The attitude of critics to the poem "Poltava"

Pushkin Poltava
His pioneering work in his timedistinguished himself Pushkin. "Poltava" was not understood by contemporaries or future generations of critics. There are many different opinions about what the poet wanted to show in his poem. With a superficial glance at the work, it can be understood that Alexander Sergeevich from Petra made a hero, and from Mazepa - a villain and traitor, that is, everything exactly as was customary in Pushkin's time.

Many researchers of the poet's work can notagree with this interpretation, knowing the attitude of Alexander Sergeevich to Peter, it is difficult to imagine that he could praise him of his own free will. In the nineteenth century, one could not freely disclose his thoughts, so the poet was to elevate Peter and brand Mazepa to an unknown narrator, and the author's handwriting is traced in the "Notes", from which it becomes clear on whose side Pushkin stands. The poem "Poltava" and today causes a lot of controversy among the writers.

The main themes touched on in the poem

but with Pushkin's poem Poltava
Alexander was successful in Poltavareveal three topics. The first topic concerns the fate of Russia and the entire Russian people, relations with other European states. Pushkin had not yet forgotten about the memorable battle with Napoleon, therefore, with patriotism and pride in the Motherland, he recreated the struggle between Peter and Charles XII. Although the enemy was mighty, and the victory was hard, but still the Russian people could stand, show the inner strength and cope with the invasion, defend their territory.

The multinationality of the state is also shown inhis work Pushkin. "Poltava" characterizes the writer as a state thinker who reflects on the cohesion of different nations within one country. As an example, Alexander Sergeyevich takes Ukraine, which Mazepa wants to tear off from Russia with the help of enemy troops. The theme of the private man, who fell into the wheel of history, also illuminated Pushkin. "Poltava" showed not only the struggle for the territory at the level of the rulers, but also the fate of ordinary people who became participants in terrible events.

Historical description of the battles

Pushkin Poltava
Alexander Sergeevich attached great importance toreliability of the description of historical events. The poem is accompanied by notes, as well as a list of historical documents indicating the truthfulness of the events that Pushkin described in his work. "Poltava" (excerpt "Poltava battle" is the most vivid, memorable and patriotic) is written in high spirits, with some of its features the poem reminds the style of Ukrainian dumas, folk songs or historical legends.

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