His second-largest poem was written in record-breakingshort terms Pushkin. "Poltava" was conceived in the spring of 1828, but work on it somehow did not go, and Alexander Sergeyevich postponed this work until the fall. That's when the inspiration came to the writer, and he composed the poem in a few days. Pushkin wrote for days on end, distracted only to satisfy his hunger, verses dreamed him even at night. The poet in a hurry recorded everything that came to him in the head, sometimes even prose, and then corrected.
Many researchers of the poet's work can notagree with this interpretation, knowing the attitude of Alexander Sergeevich to Peter, it is difficult to imagine that he could praise him of his own free will. In the nineteenth century, one could not freely disclose his thoughts, so the poet was to elevate Peter and brand Mazepa to an unknown narrator, and the author's handwriting is traced in the "Notes", from which it becomes clear on whose side Pushkin stands. The poem "Poltava" and today causes a lot of controversy among the writers.
The multinationality of the state is also shown inhis work Pushkin. "Poltava" characterizes the writer as a state thinker who reflects on the cohesion of different nations within one country. As an example, Alexander Sergeyevich takes Ukraine, which Mazepa wants to tear off from Russia with the help of enemy troops. The theme of the private man, who fell into the wheel of history, also illuminated Pushkin. "Poltava" showed not only the struggle for the territory at the level of the rulers, but also the fate of ordinary people who became participants in terrible events.