/ / Fable "Dragonfly and the Ant" (Krylov IA): content, history of the fable and morality

Fable "Dragonfly and the Ant" (Krylov IA): content, history of fables and morals

All of us from childhood known fable "Dragonfly andKrylov IA wrote many memorable works, especially for an ant and a dragonfly, and although the fable is known by Krylov, the plot he borrowed from the Frenchman Lafontaine, and the one from the ancient Greek Aesop. and in our time, so with good reason we can assume that this situation does not depend on the time in which people live.

fable of a dragonfly and ant of wings

Heroes of the fable "Dragonfly and the Ant" (Krylov)

The moral of the work is clear even to children.The heroes of this fable are the Ant and the Dragonfly. Aesop and Lafontaine had a hard-working character called Ants, but his thoughtless interlocutor was called Cicada, Beetle and Grasshopper. It is obvious that the Ant in all countries has become a symbol of diligence, while carelessness is inherent in many. Perhaps Krylov was the second heroine made Dragonfly because it is more familiar to our area, whereas who such cicadas, very few people know. Russian fabulist loved simple language and folk expressions. Therefore, his fables are understandable both for people who have an education, and only for beginners to learn about children.


The fable "Dragonfly and the Ant" is a brightan example of two opposing qualities of character - laziness (idleness) and diligence. The plot of the work says the following. Lived cheerful Dragonfly, while it was warm, she fluttered and sang. Time passed quickly, she had nowhere to live and nothing to eat. There comes a cold winter, which is not easy to survive even for those who took care of themselves in advance, and Dragonfly is clearly not one of those. Now she is no longer up to the songs, because when she is hungry, it's hard to have fun. The dragonfly weakened, she was melancholy, hoping for help, she went to her ant. To her, she asks to give her shelter and food. The lady believes that she will not refuse to do so, because she needs help for a little while, only until the spring. However, he reacted to her request coolly and asked if the goby worked last summer.

dragonfly and ant wings of morals
The dragonfly is somewhat surprised by this question, after allthere were so many other, more pleasant pursuits. She frolicked, sang songs, walked along the soft grass. Probably something similar to the Ant and supposed to hear (and maybe even saw a carefree idol with friends while walking with another blade of grass to warm its home). Therefore, she sends her home, saying that since she was engaged in such pastime, we must continue in the same spirit and begin to dance. Idleness and diligence are encountered in the work. This is the story of the fable "Dragonfly and the Ant". Krylov shows how unfortunate Dragonfly can lead to unfortunate consequences - it remains without roof and food.


The moral of this fable is transparent:do not want to freeze or starve - work, and do not have fun. Here we can clearly see the condemnation of freeloaders - people who are accustomed to living at the expense of others. Some believe that the Ant has shown excessive cruelty.

Fable "Dragonfly and the Ant". Krylov, Lafontaine and Aesop. Comparative analysis

In the fable of Aesop Grasshopper asked to give him food,Lafontaine Cicada also wanted to get harvested provisions. Russian Ant refused, not only in food, but also in warm shelter. Since the fable clearly states that there was no shelter for Dragonfly, as its nearest bush became its home, it becomes clear that it is doomed to

fable of the dragonfly and ant
hungry death, if not freeze before.Also in the Greek and French fable, the heroes were same-sex: men from Aesop, women from Lafontaine. Here, a man drives a woman away. But it is typical for our people to survive, we must work. On this subject, many proverbs and proverbs have been invented. So it's hard to blame Ant for his decision. Therefore, we must be able to take care of ourselves, not counting on the help of others, that's what the fable "Dragonfly and the Ant" teaches. Krylov I.A. very clearly and clearly conveyed the moral to the Russian people.

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