In the heart of Kiev there is a significantthe construction of the times of Kievan Rus - St. Sophia Cathedral, for good reason he was included in the UNESCO list. It is really an interesting and unique temple, a piece of the history and culture of the Ukrainian people. The year of construction of the cathedral is unknown: some researchers tend to think that it was built by Yaroslav the Wise, while others insist that the construction began under Prince Vladimir. Whatever it was, but, despite its age, almost 1000 years, the temple has survived to this day.
It is known that the St. Sophia Cathedral in Kiev was erectedapproximately at the same time with the Constantinople Sophia Cathedral. The Ukrainian temple was built like the cathedral of Our Lady-Oranta, which is in Constantinople. The construction of the St. Sophia Cathedral in Kiev was timed to the victory of the people of Kiev over the Pechenegs, in the place of the decisive battle and the temple was erected. Its architecture in many ways resembles the Byzantine style, with the exception of some nuances, so it is assumed that for its erection invited masters from Constantinople.
With the advent of the Soviet government in the twentieth centurySt. Sophia Cathedral in Kiev was under threat of destruction. At that time, many monuments of Christian culture were simply demolished, but France stood for the church, because the wife of King Henry I Anna was the daughter of Yaroslav the Wise, the founder of the cathedral. In 1934, it was decided to create a museum-reserve here.
St. Sophia Cathedral and to this day is a museum,for this reason he does not belong to any kind of religious organization. Divine services are held only once a year - on the Independence Day of Ukraine, on August 24, then representatives of different faiths gather to pray for the well-being of the country.