Ensuring road safetyshould be regulated by law. There are a number of bills and decrees fixing the basic norms of safe movement on the roads. It is worth highlighting one of the most important normative acts - Federal Law 196. It is this law that determines the legal basis for ensuring road safety throughout the Russian territory.
The objectives of the Federal Law 196 are to protect health, life,property of citizens, their rights and freedoms. The qualitative protection of the interests of the state and society through the prevention and prevention of transport accidents is a priority objective of the draft law.
On what principles and conditions does the 196-FZ "On Road Safety" function? It is worth highlighting the following points:
How does the state ensure road safety? This will be discussed later.
Article 5 of the Federal Law 196 states that road safety is possible only through quality work in the following areas:
ФЗ 196, thus, speaks about the need to work in the most diverse areas and areas.
Under Russia's jurisdiction, in accordance with Article 6 of the bill under consideration, the following functions are in place:
The law fixes the rights of instances of executive power.
196-FZ "On Road Safety" states that it is necessary to comply with certain requirements concerning work with the roadway. All requirements are spelled out in articles 11-12.
Article 11 states that the design andThe construction of the roadway is the basis of safe movement. It is necessary to strictly observe technical regulations, engineering projects and other normative acts concerning the construction of roads.
Article 16 of the Federal Law No. 196-FZ "Onroad safety "stipulates the need to periodically check the technical equipment and the condition of vehicles participating in road traffic, which is the responsibility of the owners of vehicles themselves, as well as of the persons who use these vehicles.
Another topic of article 16 concerns the mandatoryinsurance of citizens' liability. Owners of vehicles not wishing to fulfill this duty will not be able to register their vehicles. Compulsory insurance can be made only after a technical inspection, which is regulated by Federal Law No. 170-FZ.
Article 21 of the Federal Law 196 with changes in 2014regulates a number of activities related to the organization of road traffic. Included here is the creation and quality maintenance of the functioning of parking spaces located within the boundaries of populated areas, the implementation of capacity on the roads, the general improvement of the quality of the roadway and much more. Execution and implementation of all the activities submitted should concern the state executive body at the federal body (the Government), state executive authorities of the regional level, as well as local self-government bodies. The carrying out of all the above-mentioned measures must be carried out in strict accordance with state regulations and regional regulations.
Article 22 of the law provides for inadmissibilitychanges in throughput on the roads by reducing the level of road safety. However, the same article refers to the possible change in the movement of vehicles in the event of a real threat. Change can be carried out only by authorized persons of corresponding state bodies.
The organization of road safety is notwill work without the exercise by ordinary citizens of certain duties and rules prescribed in Article 24 of the Federal Law in question. What are these rules? The federal law refers to a special government decree, called the Road Traffic Rules. It is in this normative act that all the rules that all citizens, without exception, must know, remember and observe, are fixed.
And what are the rights of road users? Article 24 of the Federal Law under consideration fixes the following:
The law also speaks of responsibility.Thus, according to Article 31 of the normative act in question, the responsibility for violation of the established rules is regulated by the Criminal Code and the Code on Offenses of an Administrative Type.
Какие существуют средства обеспечения road safety? In accordance with Article 30, this is primarily state supervision. It is carried out by special authorities in the field of traffic safety on the roads. The subject of supervision is the observance by Russian citizens of a number of requirements prescribed in the relevant regulatory enactments.
The law describes the procedure for carrying out inspections of planned and unscheduled type, on the grounds for including inspections in a special annual plan, and so on.