End of studies at universities is marked by the issuancea diploma indicating the chosen specialty, and graduates are thinking about the prospects for further employment. For most of them, the most important job search is the one corresponding to the level and quality of the education received. Another thing - a graduate of medical universities. In the diplomas of those who graduated from a higher medical institution, there is already a basic medical specialty, but the independent activity of a young specialist is rather limited. At this stage of postgraduate education, he will receive admission to internship or residency, which will complete the course of becoming a doctor.
The fact is that a graduate of medical high schoolnever allowed to work independently with patients immediately after training. As a rule, this is preceded by a certain period of time, in which the young doctor must work under the supervision of more experienced specialists. After graduating from postgraduate training, a medical specialist is awarded a certificate of a specialist. It is this document that is a pass to professional independent life. In general, the second stage of the training of a young specialist is the formation of a young doctor. Worthy to pass this period will help internship and residency. What is the difference between these two forms? Let's try to understand.
An internship is a primary post-graduatetraining of young professionals who graduated from higher medical or pharmaceutical educational institutions or medical faculties of universities.
Postgraduate training in this educational institution includes many directions, among which:
A full list of specialties is available on the MSMSU website. Internship in a good medical institution will fully pay for the time and money invested in adult and independent life.
Internship activitiesbased on a list of orders issued under the supervision of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation. General provisions are usually supplemented with special internal documents of the educational institution that cover the administrative issues of internship in the walls of this institution. The meaning of the internship is to train specialists in the provision of unqualified primary care in outpatient clinics and outpatient clinics. Doctors who can congratulate themselves with the termination of the internship can work in institutions of practical public health.
In the process of internship, youngspecialists undergo such compulsory types of training as the maintenance of medical records and the performance of a certain number of medical and diagnostic procedures. They supervise patients and remain on duty, take part in the work of pathologists and attend various lectures and seminars. In general, the intern is prepared for practical details. All training takes place under the supervision of teachers.
The intern program is divided into three stages.At the first of them the intern tries to get a professional orientation for his future specialization. The second stage of training is aimed at improving skills and knowledge. At the final stage, the young doctor gets the opportunity to apply his own knowledge in practice under the supervision of the teacher.
Residency can be called primarypostgraduate training of graduates of higher medical institutions, which consists in forming a graduate independent skills that help him to provide medical assistance on an individual basis. Such training can be provided by the same MGMSU. Residency in this institution is offered to graduates of universities, in accordance with the procedure established by law, only after passing the qualifying stage. It includes two types of examinations. Testing for medical specialties is held according to a program approved by the relevant orders of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of Russia. The test results are evaluated on a five-point scale: the highest score is "excellent" and the lowest is "unsatisfactory".
After passing the first stage of the applicants is waitingOral interview, which is also assessed on a five-point scale. The results of the exams are summarized, and the applicant is informed whether he can complete his education within the walls of the MGMSU. The ordinariness of this institution, unfortunately, can not accommodate all comers, so pre-selection is usually very hard. Therefore, only those who received higher scores on entrance examinations can count on studying at the residency level, and with equal results, preference is given to those applicants who received the best marks in the process of studying at the university, as well as to persons who have personal achievements in mastering the chosen specialty.
Residency in Moscow - the pleasure is not cheap.But the education received will pay off in full. The cost of residency is comparable with the cost of training for 2-3 courses of medical university. Of course, it is quite large, but it allows you to practice private medical practice after graduation. Thus, a young specialist will quickly return the money invested in his education, and become a professional doctor.
The position about residency is available in the correspondingarticle of the Federal Law of the Russian Federation "On Higher and Post-Graduate Professional Education". It clearly describes the main functions of residency, among which - the training of graduates of medical schools to obtain special skills and knowledge that allow to provide specialized medical care. The internship offers independent practice under the supervision of an experienced curator-consultant, who leads a resident, and assists him with personal advice and advice. Internship is also engaged in general post-graduate training. In this case, the teacher oversees a whole staff of interns who do not have the right to engage in independent reception of patients. Thus, the distinction between the concepts "internship" and "residency" is revealed. What is the difference - in the approach to learning. Internship gives a general direction provides general training. Residency already suggests an individual approach to the graduate.
The difference between these types of training isin terms. Additional time for full preparation of the graduate is required and internship and residency. What is the difference? Yes, in training time. Internship expects to finish postgraduate training during the year. The internship hardly fits in two.
The eternal question of "internship and residency.What's the difference? ", Which revolves in the head of a graduate of medical high school, is solved quite simply. If the graduate is content to work in specialized medical institutions (hospitals, dispensaries, sanatoriums, polyclinics, etc.), he will have enough to finish residency. If the future doctor dreams of his own practice and is determined that his name will fit into medical textbooks, he should choose residency.