Based on the mountain legend heard in the Caucasuswrote his poem Lermontov. "The Fugitive" (a short summary will be presented in the article) is a work about the coward and traitor Garun who threw his father and brothers on the battlefield, who lost his checker and rifle, escaped to the mountains farther from the battle, saving his useless life. The poem was presumably written between 1840 and 1841. The exact date of writing was not preserved, but it was during this period that Mikhail Yurievich was in the Caucasus, familiarized himself with the customs of the Circassians, saw bloody battles with his own eyes.
During the battle all the Circassians fell, includingincluding the father and two brothers of Harun. The young man was alive and, instead of avenging the spilled blood, he fled. The relatives died for freedom and honor, but this is not familiar to Garun, for him his own life is more important, he understands that he had to take revenge, but forgets about duty and shame. The Highlanders had a tradition - the survivors should be picked up and buried in battle, and not left to be demolished by enemies, Lermontov knew about it. The "Fugitive" poem has glorified for a century a coward, because the Circassians do not forget both brave warriors and traitors.
Garun, stealing between the rocks, reached hisnative aul. He was met with peace and silence, because no one but him returned from the fight. The young man decided to find shelter with an old friend Selim, he lay on the lava, we fight with an ailment and died, so the stranger did not recognize him. Garun himself told him about the battle, that all were lost, and only he survived. Selim hoped, even before his death, to hear good news, but the conversation with the fugitive awakened the blood of the fighter in him. The dying man with contempt treated the coward and drove him out of his house. That's what he writes about in the work of Lermontov.
Even the parents do not forgive their motherland.wrote his poem Lermontov. The fugitive (the brief content allows you to familiarize yourself with the work, but it is better to read it in the original) hoped to be accepted by the mother. He knocked on his father's house, begging to open it. His mother waits for him from the war, but he does not wait for one. Learning that her husband and two sons were killed, the woman asks if Garun has taken revenge for them. The young man says that no, but he was in a hurry to comfort his mother, brighten up her old age. She refuses such a son, because he disgraced the whole family. The whole night there were pleading under the window, until the dagger stopped the disgrace of the unfortunate man. Whether Harun killed himself or someone else punished him, Lermontov does not specify. "Fugitive" (a brief summary of the work we have now covered) - a poem that became a reminder of the shameful death of all cowards and traitors to the homeland. The corpse of Garun was not even carried to the cemetery, his blood was lapped by yard dogs.